The runner-up in Democratic Republic of Congo’s presidential election, Martin Fayulu, in fact thrashed the official winner with more than 60% of votes and will file a formal fraud complaint on Saturday, his camp said. The vote had been intended as Congo’s first democratic transfer of power in six decades, but instead threatens to reawaken violence in the huge and tumultuous nation where millions have died during civil wars since the 1990s.
“When you know you are in the right, you are not allowed to remain home,” Fayulu said, urging supporters to “rise up.”
Though pre-election polls predicted a landslide for Fayulu, a businessman and former manager at US oil giant Exxon Mobil, the national election board (CENI) said he lost to another opposition leader, Felix Tshisekedi, 55. Fayulu’s camp said on Friday its tally showed he won 62% of the vote, with Tshisekedi taking 19%. His supporters say authorities rigged the result in a deal to protect members of President Joseph Kabila’s outgoing administration and maintain his influence over security forces.
The influential Catholic Church has also rejected the official result based on tallies by its 40 000-strong observer team. France and former colonial power Belgium also expressed doubts.
Fayulu’s camp said it would take its case on Saturday morning to Congo’s highest court. It has asked CENI to publish results from every polling station.
“We know the Constitutional Court is composed by Kabila’s people, but we do not want to give any chance to Kabila and his team to say…you didn’t follow the law,” Fayulu told the BBC.
Many Congolese fear the dispute could re-start a cycle of unrest in a country where wars causing hunger and disease have decimated the population in recent decades. Around the nation of 80 million people that is nearly the size of Western Europe, there have been isolated incidents of post-election violence. Police confronted opposition protesters in eastern Goma city on Friday, killing at least one person, a Reuters witness said. In the northern city of Kisangani, police and army responded to student protests, and in nearby Mangobo a local ruling party office was set on fire, according to an internal UN report seen by Reuters.
These incidents followed clashes on Thursday in Kikwit in which security forces killed four protesters.
“We want peace, because this country has already suffered a lot from all this violence,” said Kinshasa motorbike taxi driver Lambert, who declined to give his full name. “These protests should not be happening because Tshisekedi is the people’s choice.”
The officially-declared winner shot to prominence when he inherited the leadership of his UDPS party after the death of his father Etienne Tshisekedi in 2017. His genial, uncomplicated manner and portly resemblance to his father have won him support, But he lacks the experience, clout and firebrand reputation of Etienne. Before the vote, Tshisekedi said Kabila had nothing to fear should he come to power.
Fayulu, by contrast, is backed by ex-rebel Jean-Pierre Bemba and former governor Moise Katumbi, two of Kabila’s fiercest rivals.
“The people of the Democratic Republic of Congo have waited 58 years for a peaceful democratic transfer of power, and have sacrificed too much for this election result not to reflect their votes cast at the ballot box,” said a bipartisan group of US Senators late on Thursday.