Mozambique’s President Filipe Nyusi was sworn in on Wednesday at a ceremony attended by cheering supporters and dignitaries, but boycotted by opposition politicians who dispute his October election win as fraudulent.
After a civil war that killed around one million people before a 1992 truce, and periodic violence since, Nyusi signed a deal with rebels-turned-opposition party Renamo in August meant to bring definitive peace to a country on the cusp of becoming a global gas exporter.
Instead, October’s election exacerbated decades-old wounds: Nyusi, of the ruling Frelimo party, won with over 70% of votes but his main rival Ossufo Momade said the poll was rigged.
Neither Momade nor any Renamo lawmakers turned up for the swearing-in at Independence Square in central Maputo.
Speaking after the ceremony, Nyusi said over his next five-year term he would seek to ensure peace lasts. “Peace has been and will be our absolute priority,” he told the crowd.
Renamo secretary-general Andre Magibire told Reuters the party does not recognise Nyusi as a legitimate leader, but would also not be drawn back into violence.
“There’s no way we can derail the peace deal, even though Frelimo keeps pushing us towards war,” he said on Tuesday.
Frelimo spokesperson Caifadine Manasse dismissed that.
“The opposition is crying foul, in general, it uses this tactic to spark instability,” the spokesperson said.
Renamo is fracturing. A breakaway group of former fighters have been staging attacks in former heartlands.
This low-level fighting threatens to draw resources away from efforts to tackle a festering Islamist insurgency in the north, on the doorstep of blockbuster gas projects led by Exxon and Total.
Mozambique’s top court dismissed Renamo’s challenge against the results in November.
While analysts say the August peace deal is likely to survive, its implementation has stalled amid infighting, with even some in Renamo’s political wing believing the party has backed down too easily. Some are agitating for protests or even violence, said a party lawmaker who asked not to be named, though he added there was still party discipline.
After such a wipe-out in the official election result, Momade’s time as party leader seems limited, said Alex Vines, head of Africa programme at the Chatham House thinktank.
Contenders for the job would include an “ambitious bunch” from a faction of Renamo’s political wing, some of whom have been accused of encouraging attacks from the former fighters, he said.
Momade’s relationship with Nyusi was central to sealing the peace pact, and his leadership remains important for the ongoing process, Vines said. But the group of disgruntled former fighters – and some Maputo-based politicians – want him to resign.