European law enforcement officials say they are tracking at least 65 000 migrant smugglers, twice as many as at the height of the migration crisis three years ago, as the illegal trade booms.
Despite a drop in the number of migrants successfully crossing the Mediterranean since Europe’s biggest migration crisis since World War II erupted in 2015, the EU’s police agency Europol said demand for smugglers was still “huge”.
Many new suspects have also been identified, Europol added, as investigators in European countries track one of the fastest growing forms of international organised crime.
“At the end of last year we had 65 000 smugglers in our data bases,” Robert Crepinko, head of Europol’s European Migrant Smuggling Centre, told AFP at his offices in The Hague.
Europol reported in September 2015 there were some 30 000 suspected smugglers before the number jumped to nearly 55 000 by the end of 2016, then some 10 000 more in 2017.
About 63% of those whose nationalities it has identified are from Europe, including 45% from Balkan countries, according to Europol figures.
About 14% are from the Middle East, 13% from Africa, 9% from eastern Asia and 1% from the Americas.
Crepinko said smuggling is “still a booming business” worth billions of euros despite a drop in migrant arrivals last year following EU cooperation deals with Turkey and Libya, the main gateways to Europe.
Libya is currently the main migrant springboard to Europe where reports of enslavement on top of other horrific abuses of sub-Saharan Africans prompted urgent action at an EU-Africa summit in Abidjan in November.
Thousands of migrants were quickly repatriated from Libya to their home countries under a deal reached at the meeting.
French President Emmanuel Macron also announced the two sides would share more intelligence to “dismantle the networks and their financing and detain traffickers.”