Zimbabwe’s annual inflation rate hit 175% in June, official data showed Monday, stoking fears of a return of the hyperinflation that wiped out savings ten years ago when the economy collapsed. Official inflation is the highest since hyperinflation forced the government to abandon the Zimbabwe dollar in 2009.
Supplies of essentials such as bread, medicine and petrol are regularly running short in the country.
“The year-on-year inflation rate for the month of June 2019 as measured by the all items consumer price index stood at 175.66% while that of May 2019 was 97.85%,” the Zimbabwe National Statistical Agency said in a statement.
Millions of Zimbabweans have fled abroad in the last 20 years seeking work. Many others are now seeking to leave as conditions worsen under President Emmerson Mnangagwa, who had promised an economic revival after succeeding long-ruling Robert Mugabe in 2017.
Mnangagwa vowed to end the country’s international isolation, attract investors and create growth that could fund the country’s shattered public services.
However, the economy has declined further, with shop prices rocketing and long power cuts.
The US dollar has been the national currency since 2009, but in July, Zimbabwe in theory ended the use of US dollars and other foreign currencies and replaced them by two local parallel currencies, “bond notes” and electronic RTGS dollars; which would combine to become the new “Zimbabwe dollar.”
The new “Zimbabwe dollar” does not yet exist in paper form.
Hyperinflation hit 500 billion percent in 2009.