Progressive candidates Bernie Sanders and Elizabeth Warren bore the brunt of attacks from more moderate rivals in the second round of US Democratic debates on Tuesday, spotlighting the ideological divide among the party’s crowded presidential field.
The Democrats on stage were united in stressing the urgency of defeating Republican President Donald Trump in the November 2020 election, but delivered bruising critiques of their party rivals’ positions on issues like healthcare and immigration.
Trump has been eager to paint the entire Democratic field as socialists, seeking to make any eventual nominee untenable to voters by arguing Democrats want to raise taxes, open the US borders and take away private healthcare.
The dispute between the moderate and liberal wings of the Democratic Party highlighted central question of the nominating contest: Which candidate in field of more than two dozen would be best positioned to beat Trump next year?
Montana Governor Steve Bullock, participating in his first presidential debate, opened by criticizing his fellow candidates for being too liberal in the opening round of debates last month in Miami.
“Watching that last debate, folks seemed more concerned about scoring points or outdoing each other with wish-list economics than making sure Americans know we hear their voices and will help their lives,” Bullock said.
Progressives argued their policies would excite voters and allow them to draw a distinct contrast to Trump.
Taking a jab at former US Representative John Delaney, who often played the role of liberal foil during the debate, Warren said: “I don’t understand why anybody goes to all the trouble of running for president of the United States to talk about what we really can’t do and shouldn’t fight for.”
As the front-runners in the polls among the candidates debating on Tuesday, Sanders and Warren, both US senators, often found themselves defending the policy positions they share.
“I get a little bit tired of Democrats afraid of big ideas. Republicans are not afraid of big ideas,” Sanders said.
The debate quickly turned to a dispute about the future of the US healthcare system, and whether Democrats should embrace Medicare for All proposals that would have government take over the health insurance industry.
Some contenders argued the proposal pushed by the progressives would take private insurance away from people who currently prefer their coverage and force a tax increase on the middle class.
“Why do we have to be the party of taking something away from people?” said Delaney, who has been critical of Medicare for All.
He argued that Democrats should not back proposals that would eliminate private insurance.
“They are running on telling half the country that your health insurance is illegal,” Delaney said, pointing to Warren and Sanders.
Warren interjected to defend the proposal.
“We’re not trying to take healthcare away from anyone. That’s what Republicans are trying to do.”
Sanders, who has introduced a Medicare for All bill in the US Senate, said: “Healthcare is a human right, not a privilege. I believe that, I will fight for that.”
The candidates also differed on immigration policy – disagreeing on whether illegal border crossings should be decriminalized.
“You don’t have to decriminalize everything,” Bullock said. “What you have to do is to have a president in there with the judgment and the decency to treat someone that comes to the border like one of our own.”
Warren disagreed, saying: “We need to expand legal immigration, we need to create a path for citizenship not just for dreamers but for gramdmas and for people who have been working here in the farms and for students who have overstayed their visas.”
“You are playing into Donald Trump’s hands,” Bullock said.
Lower-tier candidates were aiming to produce the kind of post-debate surge that US Senator Kamala Harris enjoyed after a strong performance in the first debate after confronting front-runner Joe Biden on the issue of race.
The two nights in Detroit could be the last chance for many contenders to debate on the national stage, as the Democratic National Committee will double its fundraising and polling requirements to qualify for participation in the next debates in September and October.
Ten more candidates will face off on Wednesday night, including Biden and Harris.