Most Chinese, Europeans and US citizens plan to fly less for holidays this year to limit-aircraft carbon dioxide emissions and help prevent catastrophic climate change, a survey by the European Investment Bank (EIB) showed on Tuesday.

The EIB Climate Survey was based on 30 000 respondents from September 27 to October 21, 2019, in the 28 countries of the European Union and the United States and China. In the poll, 36% of Europeans said they already flew less for holidays to help prevent climate change and 75% intended to do so in 2020.

In China, the number of people planning less air travel for holidays this year was 94%, and 69% in the U.S. The aviation industry accounts for over 2% of global greenhouse gas emissions, and if left unchecked emissions are expected to rise as passenger and flight numbers increase.

For Europeans and Chinese, climate change is the biggest challenge they face, topping access to healthcare and the threat of unemployment in the EU and access to healthcare and fear of a financial crisis in China. In the United States, climate change was seen as the second biggest challenge after access to healthcare and more important than the third biggest threat — political instability.

Two-thirds of people in Europe, the United States and China think their individual behaviour can help tackle climate change and more than three-quarters of parents believe their children will bear the consequences of climate change, the survey showed. The survey also showed 93% of the Chinese were choosing public transport over cars for environmental purposes.

In Europe, the trend was 64% and in the United States 49%. The survey of the EIB, the world’s biggest investment bank which is owned by EU governments, said 81% of Americans, 93% of Europeans and 98% of the Chinese were willing to buy fewer plastic products to reduce pollution.

Also, 92% of Chinese and 79% of Europeans are committed to cut down red meat consumption, the poll showed, while only 68% of Americans were ready to do so.