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The United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA), was established by the United Nations General Assembly Resolution, following the aftermath of the 1948 Arab-Israeli war.

UNRWA aims to provide relief and works programs for Palestine refugees.

The UN General Assembly has consistently renewed UNRWA’s mandate for over 70 years, instructing the agency to offer healthcare, housing, and financial aid to 5.9 million eligible Palestinian refugees across Gaza, the West Bank, Jordan, Syria, and Lebanon.

The funding for UNRWA primarily comes from voluntary contributions provided by member states of the United Nations.

The only exception is a very limited subsidy from the Regular Budget of the United Nations, designated exclusively for covering administrative expenses.

In 2022, the agency received over $1 billion in total pledges.

EU member states, contributing $1.17 billion or 44.3 percent of the agency’s pledges, played a significant role.

The United States, Germany, the EU, and Sweden emerged as the most significant individual donors in the specified year, collectively providing 61.4 percent of the overall funding for the agency.

At least nine countries have announced that they are suspending their donations to UNRWA after Israel accused some of its staff of involvement in the October 7 Hamas attack.

Below is an infographic that illustrates the countries that have suspended their funding: