India sticks to ‘one-China’ policy stance but seeks restraint on Taiwan

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India said on Friday it opposed any unilateral change to the status quo over Taiwan but that its stance on the ‘one-China’ policy remained consistent, days after Beijing said it hoped New Delhi would continue to recognise its claim to self-governing Taiwan.

China launched ballistic missiles and deployed multiple aircraft and warships around Taiwan in recent days, angered by last week’s visit to the island by US House of Representatives Speaker Nancy Pelosi.

The Chinese Embassy in New Delhi said last week that India was one of the first countries to recognise Beijing’s ‘one-China principle’ – that Taiwan is an inalienable part of China – and that it hoped India would not change its position.

Asked by a reporter about India’s position on the one-China policy, Indian foreign ministry spokesperson Arindam Bagchi said: “India’s relevant policies are well known and consistent. They do not require reiteration.”

“We urge the exercise of restraint, avoidance of unilateral actions to change the status quo, de-escalation of tensions and efforts to maintain peace and stability in the region,” he said.

Relations between India and China have suffered since clashes on their Himalayan border in 2020 killed 20 Indian soldiers and four Chinese soldiers. Troop deployments remain high on both sides despite military and diplomatic-level talks to defuse the situation.

Beijing was “willing to push forward the development of our relations on the basis of the one-China principle”, the Chinese embassy said last week.