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Biden, Kenya’s Ruto pledge protect democracy in Africa and beyond

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US President Joe Biden welcomed Kenyan President William Ruto to the White House on Thursday for a state visit, pledging new partnerships on technology, security and debt relief to the leader of one of Africa’s strongest democracies.

Ruto’s is the first state visit by an African president to the White House since 2008, a gesture toward the importance of a continent that is home to 1 billion people and nurtures close trade ties with China, but which ranks behind the wars in Ukraine and Gaza on Washington’s agenda.

On Thursday evening, Ruto was the guest of honor at a lavish state dinner that drew a wide range of guests, from singer-songwriter Don McLean to NFL commissioner Roger Goodell, the CEOs of Walmart, opens new tab and Pfizer, opens new tab as well as former President Bill Clinton. Former President Barack Obama, whose father was Kenyan, made a brief appearance before the meal.

“We may be divided by distance, but we are united by the same democratic values,” Biden said as he greeted Ruto on the South Lawn of the White House. Biden reminisced about his own visits to Kenya as a young man, hailing 60 years of diplomatic relations between the two countries after Kenya’s independence.

“My visit takes place at a time when democracy is perceived to be retreating worldwide,” Ruto said, standing with Biden, Vice President Kamala Harris and other cabinet officials. Earlier, he had met privately with Biden in the Oval Office.

“We agreed on the significant opportunity for the US to radically recalibrate its strategy and strengthen its support for Africa,” Ruto said. Biden said he would designate Kenya as the first sub-Saharan African country to be a major non-NATO ally. Qatar, Israel and 16 other countries share that designation.

Nairobi and Washington cooperate on fighting terrorism in Africa, stability in Haiti and supporting Ukraine.

The Kenyan president arrived in the United States on Monday and visited Atlanta, then spoke with business executives in the White House on Wednesday. On Friday, he will discuss digital inclusion in Africa with Vice President Kamala Harris at an event hosted by the US Chamber of Commerce.

Successive US governments have said they wanted to offer African countries a more sustainable and democratic alternative to relations with China and Russia, but Washington has failed to establish deep ties.

The continent’s political landscape has been upended in the past year by a spate of military coups, wars and shaky elections that have given China and Russia greater influence. Biden hopes strengthening ties with Kenya, seen as a democratic stronghold, can help stabilize the continent and advance US interests.

In a joint statement, the two leaders said they would work together to support the Somali government in its fight against terrorism and asked warring parties in Sudan to allow humanitarian access to aid and agree to a ceasefire.

Green energy, health deals

The leaders announced new US-backed investments in green energy and health manufacturing, along with a detailed plan to cut Kenya’s high debt load, most of it owed to China.

The US International Development Finance Corporation announced $250 million in new investments in Kenya through the US International Development Finance Corp. That includes $180 million for a major affordable housing project, a US government official said, bringing the US financing institution’s portfolio in Kenya to over $1 billion.

The two leaders made a joint call for the international community to reduce the heavy debt burden of developing countries and do more to support poor countries that want to invest in development and climate technologies.

They also called for the US Congress to pass a bill to renew a US-Africa trade pact.
Haiti’s humanitarian crisis was another focus. Kenya’s plan to deploy 1,000 paramilitary officers to the Caribbean country as part of a UN-backed effort to curb gang violence and hunger has been delayed, sources told Reuters.

On Wednesday, Biden told reporters he plans to visit Africa in February after the US presidential election, an announcement that presumes the Democratic president will defeat his Republican opponent Donald Trump. Biden had earlier pledged to make a trip to Africa sometime in 2023.

The dinner was held in a glass pavilion on the White House grounds that was lit by 1,000 candles. The menu included heirloom tomato soup, butter-poached lobster, smoked beef short ribs and a white chocolate dessert.

Country singer Brad Paisley is headlining the dinner along with Howard University’s Gospel Choir, both of which are tributes to Ruto’s musical interests.

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