For all official information and updates regarding COVID-19, visit the South African Department of Health's website at www.sacoronavirus.co.za

Home » Articles Posted by AFP (Page 5)

Author Archives: AFP

Liberia heads to presidential elections
8 October 2017, 8:11 AM

Liberia, which elects a new president on Tuesday, is an English-speaking nation in West Africa that is still scarred by a gruesome civil war and a devastating Ebola outbreak.

Here is a snapshot of the country:

In 1822 the United States starts sending freed black slaves to a part of West Africa that eventually becomes Liberia.

The new arrivals declare independence in 1847, establishing the first republic in Africa.

Descendants of former slaves run the country until the assassination in 1980 of President William Tolbert in a coup led by Samuel Doe, who establishes an authoritarian and corrupt regime.

Doe is captured in 1990, at the height of civil war, and tortured to death by men loyal to warlord Prince Johnson, one of the candidates in Tuesday’s election.

The National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) of Charles Taylor launches a rebellion in December 1989 in the northeast that quickly takes control of most of the country but not the capital, Monrovia.

The civil war involves seven rival factions until it ends under a peace accord in 1997.

In the elections that follow, Taylor is elected president.

Violence again erupts in 1999 when another rebellion flares and Taylor loses control of much of the country, fleeing in 2003 to Nigeria.

The death toll from 14 years of civil war is estimated at 250,000 with hundreds of thousands of people displaced. Some of the worst abuses are perpetuated by government forces.

In 2012, Taylor is convicted by an international criminal court of 11 counts of war crimes and crimes against humanity.
President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf becomes Africa’s first female head of state in 2005 when she wins presidential elections.
“Ma Ellen” wins relection in 2011, and a month later is co-awarded the Nobel Peace Prize as a champion of women’s rights.
The 78-year-old has served two terms and so is barred from standing in the coming election.
Liberia suffered the most deaths in West Africa’s 2014-16 outbreak of Ebola.
The virus killed 11 300 people in three countries, more than 4 800 of them in Liberia.
The years of civil war devastated the economy and infrastructure of Liberia, which is rich in natural resources such as minerals and forests.
Growth stagnated at zero percent over 2014 and 2016 because of the Ebola outbreak and a fall in commodity prices, the World Bank says.
But prospects are better for 2017 with gold production and improvements in service likely to account for better economic performance, it says.

– By AFP

Zimbabwe vice president accused of poisoning ‘lies’
5 October 2017, 11:30 AM

One of Zimbabwe’s vice presidents on Wednesday accused the other of “using lies” over an allegation of poisoning, fuelling political tensions ahead of next year’s elections.

Vice-President Phelekezela Mphoko said his counterpart Emmerson Mnangagwa had undermined President Robert Mugabe when Mnangagwa claimed to have been poisoned at a rally in August.

Mugabe, 93, has maintained strict discipline over his government for decades but the public dispute comes amid growing in-fighting over who will eventually succeed him.

Mugabe has said that Mnangagwa was not poisoned, apparently to dispel rumours of an assassination attempt.

Mphoko accused Mnangagwa of making a “calculated” challenge to the president’s account of the incident.

“There appears to be an agenda to undermine the authority of President Mugabe and to destabilise the country by using lies,” Mphoko said in a statement. “This must stop.”

Mnangagwa is a favourite to succeed Mugabe, while Mphoko is seen as having no plans to run for the leadership.

The rare public rift came as Mphoko served as acting president during a visit by Mugabe to South Africa.

Mnangagwa, 75, was flown to South Africa for emergency treatment after falling ill at the ZANU-PF party rally in the southern town of Gwanda on August 12.

Some supporters claimed he had been given poisoned ice cream in an attempt to kill him.

Mugabe has already been named by the ZANU-PF as its presidential candidate for the 2018 elections.

The main threat to Mnangagwa’s presidential ambitions is from the “G-40” group led by Mugabe’s wife Grace.

Thursday 5 October 2017 11:30

AFP

Zimbabwe vice president accused of poisoning ‘lies’
5 October 2017, 11:30 AM

One of Zimbabwe’s vice presidents on Wednesday accused the other of “using lies” over an allegation of poisoning, fuelling political tensions ahead of next year’s elections.

Vice-President Phelekezela Mphoko said his counterpart Emmerson Mnangagwa had undermined President Robert Mugabe when Mnangagwa claimed to have been poisoned at a rally in August.

Mugabe, 93, has maintained strict discipline over his government for decades but the public dispute comes amid growing in-fighting over who will eventually succeed him.

Mugabe has said that Mnangagwa was not poisoned, apparently to dispel rumours of an assassination attempt.

Mphoko accused Mnangagwa of making a “calculated” challenge to the president’s account of the incident.

“There appears to be an agenda to undermine the authority of President Mugabe and to destabilise the country by using lies,” Mphoko said in a statement. “This must stop.”

Mnangagwa is a favourite to succeed Mugabe, while Mphoko is seen as having no plans to run for the leadership.

The rare public rift came as Mphoko served as acting president during a visit by Mugabe to South Africa.

Mnangagwa, 75, was flown to South Africa for emergency treatment after falling ill at the ZANU-PF party rally in the southern town of Gwanda on August 12.

Some supporters claimed he had been given poisoned ice cream in an attempt to kill him.

Mugabe has already been named by the ZANU-PF as its presidential candidate for the 2018 elections.

The main threat to Mnangagwa’s presidential ambitions is from the “G-40” group led by Mugabe’s wife Grace.

– By AFP

Nigeria president denounces Biafran separatists
2 October 2017, 6:26 AM

President Muhammadu Buhari on Sunday railed against separatists seeking Nigeria’s “dismemberment” and called for “proper” dialogue after clashes between pro-Biafra activists and security forces in the restive southeast.

Speaking as Nigeria marked its 1960 independence from Britain, Buhari also said that corruption remained the African oil giant’s “number one enemy”.

The 74-year-old former general later flew out of the capital for a lightning surprise visit to Maiduguri, the city in north-eastern Nigeria that is the epicentre of the bloody insurgency by Boko Haram Islamists.

He paid tribute to troops on the frontline of the battle against jihadists linked to the Islamic State group on his first visit to the city since taking office in 2015.

“I assure you under this leadership there will be resources available, as much as the country can afford it, to support your operations,” Buhari told the troops in Maiduguri.

Buhari, who fought in the 1967-70 Biafran war, said in his Abuja speech that those seeking to carve up the country had no idea of the havoc they could potentially wreak.

“Those who are agitating for a rerun were not born by 1967 and have no idea of the horrendous consequences of the civil conflict which we went through,” he said.

He said the war had cost about two million lives, resulting in “fearful destruction and untold suffering”.

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement wants an independent state for the Igbo people who dominate the southeast region.

Tension has been building since October 2015 when the group’s leader Nnamdi Kanu was arrested and held in custody until he was released on bail in April.

His trial on charges of treasonable felony is expected to resume in October.

The army flooded the southeastern state of Abia with troops this month, ostensibly as part of an operation against violent crime, but the IPOB suspected it was an attempt to curb its activities.

Supporters clashed in Abia and neighbouring Rivers state, while the violence threatened to take on a wider ethnic dimension when unrest flared in the central city of Jos.

Monday 2 October 2017 06:26

AFP

Nigeria president denounces Biafran separatists
2 October 2017, 6:26 AM

President Muhammadu Buhari on Sunday railed against separatists seeking Nigeria’s “dismemberment” and called for “proper” dialogue after clashes between pro-Biafra activists and security forces in the restive southeast.

Speaking as Nigeria marked its 1960 independence from Britain, Buhari also said that corruption remained the African oil giant’s “number one enemy”.

The 74-year-old former general later flew out of the capital for a lightning surprise visit to Maiduguri, the city in north-eastern Nigeria that is the epicentre of the bloody insurgency by Boko Haram Islamists.

He paid tribute to troops on the frontline of the battle against jihadists linked to the Islamic State group on his first visit to the city since taking office in 2015.

“I assure you under this leadership there will be resources available, as much as the country can afford it, to support your operations,” Buhari told the troops in Maiduguri.

Buhari, who fought in the 1967-70 Biafran war, said in his Abuja speech that those seeking to carve up the country had no idea of the havoc they could potentially wreak.

“Those who are agitating for a rerun were not born by 1967 and have no idea of the horrendous consequences of the civil conflict which we went through,” he said.

He said the war had cost about two million lives, resulting in “fearful destruction and untold suffering”.

The Indigenous People of Biafra (IPOB) movement wants an independent state for the Igbo people who dominate the southeast region.

Tension has been building since October 2015 when the group’s leader Nnamdi Kanu was arrested and held in custody until he was released on bail in April.

His trial on charges of treasonable felony is expected to resume in October.

The army flooded the southeastern state of Abia with troops this month, ostensibly as part of an operation against violent crime, but the IPOB suspected it was an attempt to curb its activities.

Supporters clashed in Abia and neighbouring Rivers state, while the violence threatened to take on a wider ethnic dimension when unrest flared in the central city of Jos.

– By AFP

Weather

 

SABC © 2022