Pope Francis was welcomed by palm frond-waving crowds in Mauritius on Monday as he drove past sugarcane fields on his way to the capital, where he said a Mass on a terraced mountainside overlooking the harbour. Tens of thousands of people gathered to see the pontiff on his lightning visit at the end of a three-country tour of Africa.
He was due to spend about eight hours on the Indian Ocean island.
Mauritius is far richer than the first two countries on his tour, Mozambique and Madagascar, as the former British colony has benefited greatly from tourism and a financial services sector.
“Despite the economic growth your country has known in recent decades, it is the young who are suffering the most,” he said.
“They suffer from unemployment; which not only creates uncertainty about the future, but also prevents them from believing that they play a significant part in your shared history. Uncertainty about the future makes them feel that they are on the margins of society; it leaves them vulnerable and helpless before new forms of slavery,” he said.
Roughly one in four young Mauritians are out of work, and the World Bank says household income inequality there has widened since the global economic downturn after 2008. Only recently has it begun to narrow slightly, according to local statistics.
Anti-poverty campaigners say Mauritius’ tax treaties and financial services industry facilitates tax avoidance, draining desperately needed revenues from poor countries.
The main reason for Francis’ trip was to pay tribute to Jacques-Désiré Laval, a 19th century French priest who helped former slaves.