An ex-president of Madagascar and the man who removed him in a 2009 coup compete to become the island state’s next leader in a run-off election on Wednesday. In November, the two former presidents, Marc Ravalomanana and Andry Rajoelina, got 35.35% and 39.23% respectively, and face off in the Wednesday vote.

Madagascar is hoping for a second peaceful election since upheaval in 2009, when Ravalomanana was forced out of office by protests led by Rajoelina in what the African Union and other international organisations said was a coup.

Voting began early on Wednesday. Provisional results were expected before the end of the year.

“I hope that the next president of the republic will bring the development for the country, bring security and allow the children’s education,” said 21-year old student Haja Hasina after voting.

Rajoelina cast his ballot in the capital, Antananarivo, and said he would accept the result.

“Even if it is a rainy season, the sun is shining today. I hope the sun shall shine on Madagascar. In case of vote rigging, it won’t be from our side, I am a democrat and if I lose I will accept the decision,” Rajoelina said after voting.

Soldiers were deployed across the island to ensure security during the polls, said the minister of defence.

“Nearly 20 000 elements of the defence and security forces are deployed throughout the country, 900 in the capital to ensure the security of the election. I call on the Malagasy to defend their choice, not to let the two candidates and their supporters do the job, come and vote and then assist and monitor the counting of votes,” said the minister, General Beni Xavier Rasolofonirina.

The former president, Hery Rajaonarimampianina, had been hoping for a second term in the November vote, but came a distant third and was eliminated.

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